Final Report of ‘National Assessment of Title I’ Is Released

The Department of Education submitted to Congress the final report of the “National Assessment of Title I.”

This two-volume study presents findings from the implementation and impact of the program. Volume I contains key findings on the implementation of the program under No Child Left Behind, and Volume II presents a report on follow-up findings from Closing the Reading Gap, an evaluation of the impact of supplemental remedial reading programs on achievement of 3rd and 5th grade students.

Findings include:

Title I Funding. After adjusting for inflation, funding for Title I, Part A has increased by 35% over the previous seven years, from $9.5 billion in Fiscal Year 2000 to $12.8 billion in Fiscal Year 2007. More than three-fourths of Title I funds went to high-poverty schools and school districts. However, the highest-poverty schools received smaller Title I allocations per low-income student compared with lower-poverty schools.

Student Achievement. In states that had three-year trend data available on their state assessments, the percentage of students achieving at or above the state’s proficient level rose for most student subgroups in a majority of states. Also, both National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and state assessments results indicate that the achievement gaps between disadvantaged students and other students may be narrowing. However, at present pace, most states would not meet the goal of 100% proficiency by 2013-14.

Implementation of State Assessment Systems. During the 2005-06 academic year, all states administered assessments intended to meet No Child Left Behind requirements for reading and math. Further, as of this fall, 24 state assessment systems had been approved through the Department’s peer review process, eight were designated as “approval expected,” and 20 were as designated “approval pending”.

Accountability and Support for School Improvement. During the 2004-05 academic year, 75% of schools and districts met all applicable Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) targets. (Schools most often missed AYP for the “all students” group and/or for multiple subgroups, rather than single subgroups.) On the other hand, 18% of Title I schools were identified as in need of improvement.

School Choice and Supplemental Educational Services (SES). Although still low, the number of students opting for public school choice doubled over the three-year period from 2002-03 to 2004-05. SES participation increased ten-fold over the same period.

For more information, click on “Volume I: Implementation” and “Volume II: Closing The Reading Gap” to view the entire reports.

Sources: Fritzwire and The National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance

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